The Federation of Nigeria has 36 states, over 400 spoken languages, and a population of around 207 million. Growth has outpaced public developments in several respects. Lagos, legendary for traffic and the traffic police used to direct it, was replaced by purpose-built Abuja as the capital in 1991, and both cities continue to experience rapid population growth. Private innovations in technology (including specialised traffic reports) and finance are driven by urban youth, who have been conducting demonstrations against police behaviour, e.g. that of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS). Beyond territories of high federal control, towns and villages face threats from terrorism, herdsmen-farmer clashes, and an assortment of ‘bandits’. Farmers face similar predation from armed groups, with loss of life and livestock that makes productivity a challenge. Many of these actors are able to take refuge in rough forested terrain, and it is a combination of skills, equipment, and information that is required to find, capture, or kill the offenders.